“A handful of researchers has used the Haldimand collection to write about specific players in the wilderness war, such as Butler’s Rangers, McKee and the Girtys, but until Fitzpatrick, no one has told the story of the fight for the Ohio Country in its entirety.” 

--“Smoke and Fire” magazine
"Wilderness War on the Ohio by Alan Fitzpatrick details the British and Indian alliance in the fight to put down the American rebellion west of the Allegheny mountains....
Fitzpatrick makes no commentary in favor of one side or the other in the book.... It’s a very poignant story. It will move anybody."

--Betsy Bethel
Associate Editor for
Arts & Living
Wheeling News-Register
Wilderness War on the Ohio by Alan Fitzpatrick 

Based upon research taken from the National Archives of Canada and the British War Museum, Wilderness War on the Ohio tells, for the first time from the British and Indian perspective, the untold story of the savage battle for British and Indian control of what we now call Ohio and the Upper Ohio Valley, including Wheeling and colonial Fort Henry, during the American Revolution, 1777-1783. 

In Part One, Wilderness War on the Ohio delves into the true nature of Indian wilderness warfare and how the lessons learned by the British from over twenty years of fighting Indians were employed in the savage battle against the American colonial frontier during the American Revolution. 

Part Two of Wilderness War on the Ohio reveals through quotes from previously undisclosed letters and military dispatches the thoughts of British officers and white partisans fighting with the Indians against the American frontier. We hear the words of Governor Hamilton, “The Hair Buyer” of Detroit, white renegade Simon Girty of the British Indian Department, Shawnee war chief Black Snake, Captain Henry Bird of the King’s 8th Regiment in Kentucky, and Captain William Caldwell of Butler’s Rangers who defeated Daniel Boone at Blue Licks, to name but a few.

Lord Germain to Governor Hamilton, Detroit, 1777

“It is His Majesty’s Resolution that the most vigorous efforts should be made and every means employed for crushing the Rebellion. The King commands you should assemble as many of the Indians as possible and employ them upon the frontiers of Virginia and Pennsylvania.” 

Simon Girty to Captain Lernoult, Detroit, 1778“

The Wyandots brought here their prisoners from Kentucke. There is no account of the Rebels leaving Tuscarawas. I intend to go there directly, turn them out, and burn it.” 

Matthew Elliott, intelligence from the Ohio Country, 1781

“Three prisoners were brought in to the Shawanese villages by a party taken upon the Ohio. They say they were deserters from Wheeling, a Rebel post upon the ohio below Fort Pitt.” 

Captain Caldwell, Rangers, to Major DePeyster, Detroit 1782

“Simon Girty arrived last night who informs me that the Delaware burnt Crawford and two Captains after torturing them. They came out here on a party of pleasure.”

Wilderness War on the Ohio was edited by Sylvia Rutledge, a Wheeling native now living in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. As historian, researcher, writer and editor, she has devoted much of her time to understanding colonial Western Pennsylvania, West Virginia and Ohio from the French and Indian War Period through the American Revolution.

Illustrations and maps in the book were provided by Anne Foreman, whose drawings have brought to life the anguish, hardship and suffering endured by native-American Indian and frontier settler alike who lived through one of the most dark and troubling times of early American history.

Wilderness War on the Ohio
by Alan Fitzpatrick
$24.95, plus shipping and handling
ISBN 0-9776147-0-0
© 2010 Alan Fitzpatrick
Background image by Anne Foreman is taken from Wilderness War on the Ohio by Alan Fitzpatrick